PHP实现的文件上传类与用法详解_php技巧

2018-07-24 12:03:24

php

PHP实现的文件上传类与用法,结合实例形式较为详细的分析了PHP文件上传类的定义与具体使用方法,需要的朋友可以参考下

本文实例讲述了PHP实现的文件上传类与用法。分享给大家供大家参考,具体如下:

FileUpload.class.php,其中用到了两个常量,可在网站配置文件中定义:define('ROOT_PATH',dirname(__FILE__)); //网站根目录、define('UPDIR','/uploads/'); //上传主目录

<?php
  //上传文件类
  class FileUpload {
    private $error;  //错误代码
    private $maxsize; //表单最大值
    private $type;  //类型
    private $typeArr = array('image/jpeg','image/pjpeg','image/png','image/x-png','image/gif'); //类型合集
    private $path;  //目录路径
    private $today;  //今天目录
    private $name;  //文件名
    private $tmp;  //临时文件
    private $linkpath; //链接路径
    private $linktotay; //今天目录(相对)
    //构造方法,初始化
    public function __construct($_file,$_maxsize) {
       $this->error = $_FILES[$_file]['error'];
       $this->maxsize = $_maxsize / 1024;
       $this->type = $_FILES[$_file]['type'];
       $this->path = ROOT_PATH.UPDIR;
       $this->linktotay = date('Ymd').'/';
       $this->today = $this->path.$this->linktotay;
       $this->name = $_FILES[$_file]['name'];
       $this->tmp = $_FILES[$_file]['tmp_name'];
       $this->checkError();
       $this->checkType();
       $this->checkPath();
       $this->moveUpload();
    }
    //返回路径
    public function getPath() {
       $_path = $_SERVER["SCRIPT_NAME"];
       $_dir = dirname(dirname($_path));
       if ($_dir == '\\') $_dir = '/';
       $this->linkpath = $_dir.$this->linkpath;
       return $this->linkpath;
    }
    //移动文件
    private function moveUpload() {
       if (is_uploaded_file($this->tmp)) {
         if (!move_uploaded_file($this->tmp,$this->setNewName())) {
            Tool::alertBack('警告:上传失败!');
         }
       } else {
         Tool::alertBack('警告:临时文件不存在!');
       }
    }
    //设置新文件名
    private function setNewName() {
       $_nameArr = explode('.',$this->name);
       $_postfix = $_nameArr[count($_nameArr)-1];
       $_newname = date('YmdHis').mt_rand(100,1000).'.'.$_postfix;
       $this->linkpath = UPDIR.$this->linktotay.$_newname;
       return $this->today.$_newname;
    }
    //验证目录
    private function checkPath() {
       if (!is_dir($this->path) || !is_writeable($this->path)) {
         if (!mkdir($this->path)) {
            Tool::alertBack('警告:主目录创建失败!');
         }
       }
       if (!is_dir($this->today) || !is_writeable($this->today)) {
         if (!mkdir($this->today)) {
            Tool::alertBack('警告:子目录创建失败!');
         }
       }
    }
    //验证类型
    private function checkType() {
       if (!in_array($this->type,$this->typeArr)) {
         Tool::alertBack('警告:不合法的上传类型!');
       }
    }
    //验证错误
    private function checkError() {
       if (!empty($this->error)) {
         switch ($this->error) {
            case 1 :
              Tool::alertBack('警告:上传值超过了约定最大值!');
              break;
            case 2 :
              Tool::alertBack('警告:上传值超过了'.$this->maxsize.'KB!');
              break;
            case 3 :
              Tool::alertBack('警告:只有部分文件被上传!');
              break;
            case 4 :
              Tool::alertBack('警告:没有任何文件被上传!');
              break;
            default:
              Tool::alertBack('警告:未知错误!');
         }
       }
    }
  }
?>

其中,用到了一个静态工具类 Tool.class.php,代码如下:

Tool.class.php

<?php
  class Tool {
     //弹窗返回
     static public function alertBack($_info) {
       echo "<script type='text/javascript'>alert('$_info');history.back();</script>";
       exit();
     }     //弹窗赋值关闭
     static public function alertOpenerClose($_info,$_path) {
       echo "<script type='text/javascript'>alert('$_info');</script>";
       echo "<script type='text/javascript'>opener.document.content.thumbnail.value='$_path';</script>";
       echo "<script type='text/javascript'>opener.document.content.pic.style.display='block';</script>";
       echo "<script type='text/javascript'>opener.document.content.pic.src='$_path';</script>";
       echo "<script type='text/javascript'>window.close();</script>";
       exit();
     } }
?>

下面进行一个实例演示,请看下面的步骤:

1、先创建一个 index.php 页面,做一个表单

index.php

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "<a target=_blank href="http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd</a>">
<html xmlns="<a target=_blank href="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml</a>">
  <head>
     <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
     <title>main</title>
  </head>
  <body>
     <form name="content" method="post" action="?action=add">
     <input type="text" name="thumbnail" class="text" readonly="readonly" /> <input type="button" value="上传" onclick="centerWindow('./upfile.html','upfile','400','100')" /> <img name="pic" style="display:none;" /> ( * 必须是jpg,gif,png,并且200k内) <br />
     </form>
  </body>
</html>

2、创建 upfile.html 文件,建立表单提交到 upload.php.

upfile.html

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "<a target=_blank href="http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd</a>">
<html xmlns="<a target=_blank href="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml</a>">
  <head>
    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
    <title>上传图片</title>
  </head>
  <body></p><p>   <form method="post" action="./upload.php" enctype="multipart/form-data" style="text-align:center;margin:30px;">
    <input type="hidden" name="MAX_FILE_SIZE" value="204800" />
    <input type="file" name="pic" />
    <input type="submit" name="send" value="确定上传" />
</form></p><p></body>
</html>

3、通过 upload.php 文件调用文件上传类实现上传,并且把路径赋给 input 标签和显示图片

<?php
  require 'FileUpload.class.php';
  if (isset($_POST['send'])) {
    $_fileupload = new FileUpload('pic',$_POST['MAX_FILE_SIZE']);
    $_path = $_fileupload->getPath();
    Tool::alertOpenerClose('文件上传成功!',$_path);
  } else {
    Tool::alertBack('警告:文件过大或者其他未知错误导致浏览器崩溃!');
  }
?>

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